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Dog Breeds: The Golden Retriever

Golden RetrieverGolden Retriever Puppy


This picture-perfect, devoted and energetic breed makes an excellent family pet, and is a popular choice for those with families who are willing to provide him with daily exercise. Without regular activity he can develop behavioral problems and with his powerful build, it can be an issue.

He’s eager to learn new things, and is an amazing competitive obedience dog. Teach him to retrieve and he could spend the whole day in the backyard with you and a stick. His strength and powerful head allow him to easily carry game of even large size over most terrain. To properly appreciate this dog’s abilities and take them into consideration will help ensure a happy and content companion.


-       Family history is gundog, retriever

-       Originally from England

-       First bred in the 1800’s

-       Original purpose was retrieving

-       Today they are used for retrieving, assistance, obedience competitions, retriever filed trials

-       The average size of a male is 65 to 75lbs and 23 to 24 inches tall

-       The average size of a female is 55 to 65lbs and 21.5 to 22.5 inches tall

-       Also known as yellow retriever


Care & HealthGolden Retriever | Care & Health

Be sure to provide your golden retriever with energetic daily exercise, challenging both his body and mind, but don’t forget that he’s a social breed and won’t be happy if he’s forced to spend his life outdoors away from his family.

Give him a brush at least twice a week to help keep his coat healthy and groomed.


Major Health Concerns – CHD, elbow dysplasia, cataracts

Minor Health Concerns – entropion, distchiasis, trichiasis, cataracts, pyotraumaticdermatitis, subvalvular aortic stenosis, OCD, allergies, vWD cardiomyopathy and occasionally gastric torsion, epilepsy, CPRA and osteosarcoma

Test for – hips, eyes, elbows, heart and blood

Life Span – 10 to 13 years


The history of the golden retriever is one of the most highly documented, due to the determination of Lord Tweedmouth in the mid-1800s. He lived just north of the Scottish border, and decided to breed a water spaniel and wavy-coated retriever. Further mixed breeding endeavors occurred, and the result was the golden retriever we know and love today.

They reached the US in 1900 but it was 27 years before the AKC recognized the breed. Once the breed became popular as a pet, show dog and competitor in obedience trials, his popularity soared even further to make him one of the most popular still to this day.


-       Best suited to being a part of the family as opposed to living outdoors

-       Health conditions that need to be tested for include hips, eyes, elbows, heart and blood

-       Grooming needs include brushing twice a week

-       The golden retriever is a very affectionate and friendly, obedient animal that can be a wonderful pet when properly trained

-       Has a great relationship with family members, young and old, not very protective but do make decent watchdogs



-       Medium energy level

-       Medium exercise needs

-       Very playful

-       Very Affectionate

-       Very friendly towards other dogs

-       Very friendly around other pets

-       Very friendly around strangers

-       Trainable

-       Medium watchdogs

-       Not very protective

-       Moderate grooming requirements

-       Medium tolerance to heat

-       Medium tolerance to cold

Golden Retriever Rescues - Pet Finder Rescue Search (by state)

Golden Retriever Rescues - The Golden Retriever Club of America National Rescue Committee (by state)


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