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Dog Breeds: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles SpanielCavalier King Charles Spaniel



The cav is a little hunter by nature, always sniffing about, exploring the outdoors and ready to give chase when taken for a walk or play in the yard. But indoors he is the perfect pet, playful and affectionate, yet quiet and eager to please.

He’s wonderful with children and other pets, and is truly a member of the family, cuddling up on the sofa or playing gently with children. He has an elegant demeanor and a soft, silky coat, earning him his royal name. It’s hard to resist the sweet, softening expression of this small, yet well-built spaniel breed.


-       Family history is spaniel, companion

-       Originally from England

-       First bred in the 1600’s

-       Original purpose was flushing small birds, lapdog

-       Today they are used for companions

-       The average size of a male is 13 to 18lbs and12 to 13 inches tall

-       The average size of a female is 13 to 18lbs and 12 to 13 inches tall


Care & Health


Be sure to take this fairly energetic toy spaniel for a walk every day or for some playtime in the yard. Although he should not live outdoors he still enjoys being in it.

His luxurious coat requires brushing every two days to keep it clean and free of matting.


Major Health Concerns – MVD, CHD

Minor Health Concerns – patellar luxation, entropion and occasionally retinal dysplasia

Test for – heart, hips, knees, and eyes

Life Span – 9 to 14 years

Additional information – must be 5 and checked for MVD prior to breeding

HistoryKing Charles Spaniel


This namesake of Britain’s King Charles the 2nd has been identified in paintings from centuries ago, and was a favorite house pet well known as a lap and foot warmer and also had the glorious job of being a flea magnet to keep them from bothering their masters.

They were friendly with all family members and this helped their popularity as a companion, so much so that is thought that King Charles favored his dogs over his royal duties.

As their popularity began to decrease in favor of less pointy-noses in England, but an American who was in favor of the pointed nose offered a prize for the best pointed nose and the breed once again flourished in numbers. Despite their popularity in England, they were not recognized by the AKC until 1996.


-       Cannot be expected to live outdoors

-       Health conditions that need to be tested for are his heart, hips, knees, and eyes

-       Grooming needs include at least brushing every two days

-       The Cavalier King Charles spaniel is a very affectionate and friendly, playful and adorable family pet

-       Has a great relationship with family members, young and old, not very protective but do make decent



General Stats:

-       Medium energy level

-       Medium exercise needs

-       Very playful

-       Very Affectionate

-       Shy towards other dogs

-       Very friendly around other pets

-       Very friendly around strangers

-       Trainable

-       Decent watchdogs

-       Not very protective

-       Moderate grooming requirements

-       Low tolerance to heat

-       Medium tolerance to cold


Cavalier King Charles Rescue Sites:


Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club – USA – helpful info on breeders, rescues, and health


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